Articles


“The Political Sources of Religious Identification: Evidence from the Burkina Faso-Côte d’Ivoire Border.” In Press. British Journal of Political Science (with John McCauley).

 

“When and Why Do Some Social Cleavages Become Politically Salient Rather Than Others?” 2017. Ethnic and Racial Studies 40(12): 2001-2019.

 

“Who’s Asking? Interviewer Coethnicity Effects in African Survey Data.” 2016. Comparative Political Studies 49(12): 1630-1660 (with Claire L. Adida, Karen E. Ferree, and Amanda Lea Robinson). (Online Appendix)

 

“Ethnic Favoritism in Education in Kenya.” 2016. Quarterly Journal of Political Science 11(1): 1-58 (with Eric Kramon).

 

“African Borders as Sources of Natural Experiments: Promise and Pitfalls.” 2015. Political Science Research and Methods 3(2): 409-418 (with John McCauley).

 

“Does Information Lead to More Active Citizenship? Evidence from an Education Intervention in Rural Kenya.” 2014. World Development 60 (August): 69-83 (with Evan Lieberman and Lily Tsai).

 

“Who Benefits from Distributive Politics? How the Outcome One Studies Affects the Answer One Gets.” 2013. Perspectives on Politics 11(2): 461-474 (with Eric Kramon).

 

“Kenya’s New Constitution.” 2011. Journal of Democracy 22(2): 89-103 (with Eric Kramon).

 

“Political Competition and Ethnic Identification in Africa.” 2010. American Journal of Political Science 54(2): 494-510 (with Benn Eifert and Edward Miguel).

 

“Coethnicity and Trust.” 2009. In Karen Cook, Margaret Levi and Russell Hardin, eds. Whom Can We Trust? New York: Russell Sage Foundation: 42-64 (with James Habyarimana, Macartan Humphreys, and Jeremy M. Weinstein).

 

“Is Ethnic Conflict Inevitable? Better Institutions, Not Partition.” 2008. Foreign Affairs (July/August): 138-141 (with James Habyarimana, Macartan Humphreys, and Jeremy M. Weinstein).

 

“Why Does Ethnic Diversity Undermine Public Goods Provision?” 2007. American Political Science Review 101(4): 709-725 (with James Habyarimana, Macartan Humphreys, and Jeremy M. Weinstein).

 

“Regime Change and Ethnic Cleavages in Africa.” 2007. Comparative Political Studies 40(11): 1302-1327.

 

“The Institutionalization of Political Power in Africa.” 2007. Journal of Democracy 18(3): 126-140 (with Daniel J. Young).

 

“The Political Salience of Cultural Difference: Why Chewas and Tumbukas are Allies in Zambia and Adversaries in Malawi.” 2004. American Political Science Review 98(4): 529-545.

 

“Measuring Ethnic Fractionalization in Africa.” 2004. American Journal of Political Science 48(4): 849-863.

 

“Civil Society and the Reconstruction of Failed States.” 2004. In Robert Rotberg, ed. When States Fail: Causes and Consequences. Princeton: Princeton University Press: 237-255.

 

“The Colonial Origins of Ethnic Cleavages: The Case of Linguistic Divisions in Zambia.” 2003. Comparative Politics 35(2): 127-146.

 

“Economic Conditions and Incumbent Support in Africa’s New Democracies: Evidence from Zambia.” 2002. Comparative Political Studies 35(3): 313-336 (with David J. Simon).

 

“The Implications of Constructivisim for Constructing Ethnic Fractionalization Indices.” 2001. APSA-CP 12 (Winter) (with David D. Laitin).

 

“A First Look at Second Elections in Africa, with Illustrations from Zambia.” 1999. In Richard Joseph, ed. State, Conflict and Democracy in Africa. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner: 377-407 (with Michael Bratton).

 

“Social Capital: Its Origins and Effects on Governmental Performance.” 1998. British Journal of Political Science 28(4): 686-693 (with Carles Boix).

 

“Malawi’s New Dawn.” 1995. Journal of Democracy 6 (January): 131-145.